The territory of Tokelau, in the South Pacific Ocean, extends for 12 km² and includes 100 inhabitants. It consists of three atolls, ecosystems that are among the most vulnerable in the world to the effects of climate change. The highest point of the three atolls is only 5 meters above sea level and at the current rate it will be submerged by water in a few years.
Tokelau is the first country to produce the 100% the energy it needs, entirely from solar, thanks to a off-grid photovoltaic system, installed in 2012, by a New Zealand company, which supplied the technology (PowerSmart Solar). Specifically, 365 kW are produced in Fakaofo, 265 kW in Nukunonu, 300 kW in Atafu, with 392 inverters and 1344 batteries and 3 generators powered by coconut oil which come into operation in case of unfavorable weather and which, in addition to providing energy recharge the batteries of the storage system. The New Zealand government has lent $ 6,92 million to the local municipality, the highest per capita investment in the history of mitigation policies. The system avoids the emission of 1.300 tons / year of CO2 into the atmosphere, 12.000 over the entire life cycle.