Gardens by the sea the new intervention that Legambiente and the Unipol Group intend to implement within the project is called Beauty Italy aimed at the recovery and redevelopment of areas of our country of inestimable value and beauty and which, in this case, aims to enhance the precious landscape-agronomic heritage of Pantelleria. The aim of the new intervention will be to monitor and census the Pantelleria gardens of Pantelleria, to make these green places known through itineraries and walks among the most significant "gardens", but also to give useful indications, through a vademecum, to replicate a Pantelleria garden in similar environments.
The project proposed by Legambiente, which in its various phases will make use of the collaboration of the Island of Pantelleria National Park Authority and the Department of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Sciences of the University of Palermo, will be divided into two phases.
The first involves an action of monitoring and census of the heritage and state of the Pantelleria gardens present (estimated in a variable number from 300 to 400) with the geo-localization of the artifacts and the elaboration of a survey protocol to acquire physical data (type and geological nature of the materials used and the construction technologies adopted, assessments on age, condition of the building). This will be followed by a research on the biodiversity present in the garden (cultivated species and on the cultural status, spontaneous flora or fauna) and the study of the micro-climatic characterization of the Pantelleria garden. In addition to the simple effect of protection from the wind, gardens of this type intervene on the microclimate by amplifying the extent and duration with which the condensation of water vapor occurs, thus contributing significantly to the water needs of the plant. grown inside. For this reason, the Pantelleria garden can rightly be considered as an extreme case of techniques for using an environmental resource (water deposited by condensation on the surfaces of dry stone walls and vegetation) which is normally neglected in other agricultural contexts, but that in Pantelleria, as in many other islands in the Mediterranean, it can become a significant part of the water cycle and compensate for the limited availability of precipitation or irrigation water.
The other phase of the project will include definition of a itinerary in the most significant "gardens" island with trekking and walking activities. The itinerary will be reported and advertised on the island, it will also be covered and mapped on a gpx track and schematically reproduced on a virtual map in order to immediately view its dimensions and basic characteristics. Finally, a short vademecum will be produced with the fundamental indications for replicating a Pantelleria garden in similar environments.