19 islands not interconnected to the electricity grid will act as a «laboratory» for the development of “100% green” and self-sufficient models, the draft reads. The lack of connection with the mainland, and the need for greater energy efficiency, in addition to the poor water supply and the complex waste management process, are just some of the challenges that the islands are facing and which suggest the need for actions to get closer to a sustainable development model.
The islands involved in the intervention are: Capraia, Giglio, Ponza, Ventotene, Capri, Tremiti, Favignana, Levanzo, Marettimo, Pantelleria, Ustica, Alicudi, Filicudi, Lipari, Panarea, Salina, Stromboli, Vulcano, Lampedusa and Linosa.
The interventions, specific for each island, will affect the electricity grid and the related infrastructures to guarantee the continuity and security of supplies and facilitate the integration of renewable sources, but will proceed according to an integrated logic of efficient resource management. Examples are the optimization of separate waste collection, plants for the production of electricity from renewable sources, storage devices, smart grids, innovative consumption management and monitoring systems, integration of the electricity system with the island's water system, desalination systems, construction or adaptation of cycle paths and sustainable mobility services / infrastructures.