The Sicilian regional government has approved the Energy Transition Program for the smaller islands of Sicily. The “Green Island” project is part of the decarbonization strategy for Sicily, in line with sustainable development models consistent with the objectives of the energy transition. Plants from renewable sources will be financed that can overcome the obstacle to development consisting of reduced electricity generation potential in the smaller islands.
Considering that most of the smaller islands cannot currently achieve energy autonomy by using only renewable energy sources - in particular due to the lack of adequate spaces and the limits imposed by landscape legislation - a strategy for the transition has been prepared. different energy sources for each single island, depending on the territorial characteristics and the opportunities for electricity connection to the national grid. The objective is to create the conditions for a regular development of economic and entrepreneurial activities, to achieve the desired transition pursued with the Region's energy and environmental plan, currently being approved, which plans to transform the minor Sicilian islands.
This is a road-map that traces a path towards decarbonisation, taking into account the current conditions of the islands' electricity system, characterized in their generality by a series of common aspects such as the high seasonal variation of the inhabitants, with a great variability of the electricity demand, energy dependence on external sources (mainly oil and derivatives), poor electricity security and the reduced development of renewable energy sources.